Precarious work

  • At least 20 percent of workers in the GTA and Hamilton have precarious work.
  • Precarious work has increased by 50 percent in the GTA and Hamilton over the last 20 years.

Migrant workers

  • In 2011, the number of temporary migrant workers coming to Canada (190,769) surpassed the number of economic immigrants that were admitted to Canada as permanent residents (156,077).
  • The number of migrant workers deemed “low-skill” in Ontario has increased from 71,842 in 2006 to 119,899 in 2012.


  • Unemployment rate in July 2013: 7.6 percent. The unemployment rate in Ontario has been hovering just below 8 percent throughout 2013, significantly higher than the 2008 unemployment rate of 6.5 percent.
  • The proportion of Ontarians who are employed has also failed to recover and a gap of over 220,000 jobs still exists to reach pre-recession (2008) employment rates.


  • Only 34 percent of Ontario workers are covered by a workplace pension.
  • More than 11 million workers in Canada do not have a workplace pension.

Challenges facing young workers in Ontario

  • In July 2013: 394,500 youth, aged 15-24, were unemployed in Ontario.
  • 128,695 jobs still need to be created for young workers in Ontario to the reach pre-recession employment rate.
  • Average student debt from both public and private loans after a four-year degree: $37,000.
  • 42.3 percent of young adults, aged 20-29, are living with their parents, compared to 26.9 percent in 1981.